Let’s face it: nobody wants to deal with a dental emergency. From aches and pains to broken teeth, there’s no doubt that dental emergencies can be alarming and uncomfortable. Unfortunately, they happen, and understanding how to deal with them effectively is a critical part of keeping your mouth healthy and happy for years to come.
Here’s what you need to know about how to handle a dental emergency for yourself or a family member.
Dental Emergencies, Categorized
Obviously, there’s a large difference between a simple toothache and a true dental emergency. But how do you tell the difference between the two? What requires immediate care from a professional and what can you tend to at home? Here’s a list of true dental emergencies to watch for:
Missing teeth. Knocked-out permanent or adult teeth are common forms of dental injuries, and are especially prevalent in people who play contact sports, such as hockey or soccer.
Cracked teeth. Cracked teeth can vary in severity, but are always essential to pay attention to. In some cases, a chunk of the tooth can come missing. In others, the entire tooth may crack in half, exposing the root and creating a painful situation.
Bit tongues or lips. While it’s one thing to bite your lip while chewing your food (and is decidedly not an emergency), it’s entirely another to bite through your lip or tongue during an impact. This is a true dental emergency that requires attention from a professional immediately.
Objects stuck in the mouth. From food particles to foreign items, anything stuck in the mouth requires immediate dental professional attention.
The way you’ll handle a dental emergency depends, in large part, on what, exactly, the emergency comes from. Here’s a breakdown of some of the most common dental emergencies and how to handle each:
Toothaches vary in severity from the inconvenient to the nauseatingly painful, and all must be dealt with accordingly. If you’re suffering from a toothache, start by rinsing your mouth with warm water or warm saline solution.
Using dental floss, floss gently between each of your teeth. This will help to dislodge any stuck food. If the mouth is swollen, apply a cold compress to the outside of the cheek, over the area that is in pain.
Take an aspirin to reduce inflammation and contact your dentist for an appointment as soon as possible. If the toothache is surface-level, you may also apply a topical analgesic like Orajel to numb the pain.
Chipped or Broken Teeth
Chipped and broken teeth are some of the most damaging dental emergencies, and can lead to infections and pain if left untreated. To handle a chipped or broken tooth in the short-term, rinse the mouth with warm water or saline solution.
Swish gently over any broken pieces. If the tooth is bleeding, apply a firm gauze compress to stop the bleeding. Once the bleeding has stopped, add a cold compress to the outside of the mouth, cheek, or lip around the area of the broken tooth. This will help reduce swelling and pain and prepare the area for treatment.
Contact your dentist for an appointment as soon as possible.
Knocked-out teeth are about as bad as chipped teeth when it comes to pain and long-term destruction. To deal with a knocked-out tooth, retrieve the lost tooth by the crown, rinse it with water if the tooth is dirty, and put the tooth into a small container of milk, or salted water.
Make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible. If you can see the dentist within an hour of having the tooth knocked out, the chances of the tooth being returned to your socket are very high.
If you have an extruded (partially dislodged) tooth, it’s essential to see your dentist immediately. While there’s not much you can do to threat this dental condition at home, applying a cold compress to the outside of the mouth or cheek can help cut down on pain and reduce swelling.
When you see your dentist, they’ll be able to come up with a plan to help replace the tooth in its socket and get you on your way again.
Objects Stuck Between Teeth
If you have an object caught between your teeth, use dental floss to remove the object, if possible. Be gentle so as not to disrupt your gums or cause bleeding or irritation. If you can’t remove the object, contact your dentist.
Whatever you do, do not use a pin, knife, or other sharp object to attempt to dislodge the object. This approach can cut gums, scratch the tooth surface, and make it more difficult to promote good dental health.
Missing Fillings or Crowns
When a crown or filling goes missing, it’s an alarming feeling. Fortunately, it doesn’t have to be a complete emergency. If you lose a filling or crown, stay calm. In a pinch, you can apply a piece of sugarless gum to the area where the cavity is exposed.
Over-the-counter dental cement will also work to fill the space and prevent your root from being exposed and vulnerable. If you managed to find the crown or filling, keep it with you and make an appointment to see your dentist as soon as possible.
Braces are durable and long-lasting, but that doesn’t mean they don’t break from time to time. If a wire on your braces breaks or is sticking out of the bracket or band, use the eraser of a pencil to push the wire back into a more comfortable position. If you can’t reposition it, cover the end with something like gauze until you can get to the doctor’s office. Don’t cut the wire, as it could put you at risk for inhaling it, or damaging the overall integrity of your braces.
Abscesses are infections that take place at or around the root of a tooth, or in the gums and space around the teeth. A serious condition that can lead to bone infections, damaged tissue, and migrating infections that can be very dangerous or fatal.
Because abscesses are some of the most dangerous dental health problems, it’s essential to get to the dentist as soon as possible. In the meantime, rinse your mouth with a saltwater solution (½ teaspoon of salt in 8 ounces of water) several times a day. Do not try to rupture or pop the abscess, as this can exacerbate infection.
Avoiding Dental Emergencies
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, when it comes to dental emergencies. With that in mind, here are a few actionable tips to avoid dental emergencies in the first place:
If you plan to play sports or participate in recreational activities, specifically any sport that involves contact, be sure to wear a mouthguard at all times.
Don’t chew hard things like popcorn kernels, ice, hard candy, and anything else that could potentially crack a tooth or cause damage to dental tissue.
Don’t ever use your teeth to open or cut things. Instead, reach for scissors or a knife to do these jobs.
Make regular appointments with your dentist, especially if you have crowns, braces, or fillings.
If you do suffer a dental emergency, don’t panic. Dentists understand that dental emergencies happen, and most maintain some time to deal with these emergencies in their schedules. Call your dentist and provide as much detail as possible about your condition to get an appointment quickly. Our team is here to assist you with anything you may need, so give us a call today!
The moment you get braces, taking care of your teeth takes on a new importance. Don’t worry, though! It’s far from impossible. These smart, dentist-approved tips will help you keep your mouth and teeth healthy, braces and all.
If you play football, soccer, hockey, or any other contact sport, you know that the attitude surrounding these high-intensity activities has changed in recent years. In football, specifically, protection has become the priority.
Today, athletic trainers want to make sure that their athletes are adequately protected, and that the delicate areas of the face and head remain safe during intense bouts of play. While this shifting mindset does quite a lot to protect players on its own, there are still steps that you can take to protect your head and face while playing sports. In addition to cutting down on unsightly black eyes and bruises, this approach will also help keep your teeth, mouth, and dental arch safe.
Here’s what you need to know:
Injuries to the Head and Face During High-Impact Sports
In high-impact sports, injuries to the head and face are common. These injuries range from concussions to bruises to lacerations and broken noses. Eye and teeth injuries are also common. While there is no way to rule out these injuries entirely, proper protection, whether mandatory or not, can go a long way toward mitigating them.
If you participate in sports that use a small ball, such as baseball, softball, lacrosse, field hockey, and tennis, you probably already know that these sports put you at increased risk of head and face injuries. This risk owes to the high velocity of the ball and the rapid pace of the sport. To protect yourself, it pays to be continually aware of your surroundings and to wear protective gear that will help reduce the risk of getting injured in the line of play.
Protective Gear to Wear During Sports
Here’s a list of some of the protective equipment that athletes should be wearing during any high-impact sport:
Helmets. Helmets are the first line of defense when it comes to protecting the head and face during high-impact sports. Mandatory in most high school sports, such as football, ice hockey, softball, lacrosse, and baseball, helmets are designed to prevent skull fractures, reduce the risk of concussions, and, in the case of full-face helmets, provide some protection for the orbital bones, teeth, and jaw. To do their jobs correctly, helmets must fit properly. As a general rule, they should not be so tight as to cause a headache, but should not be loose enough that they can be lifted off the head, or pushed backwards.
Facemasks. Face masks work in conjunction with helmets. Required in sports like high school hockey, men’s lacrosse, and football, helmets may also be necessary for softball and some sports. Hockey and lacrosse face masks work to protect the eyes and jaw from impact. In football, a face mask extends across the brow bones and around the jaw, to protect the facial bones and teeth. An interesting but little-known fact is that different football positions require different types of face masks to offer different kinds of protection. For example, a lineman on a football team will have a more closed cage on his face mask then that of a quarterback or receiver.
Goggles. Although goggles aren’t designed to protect your teeth, they are an essential part of your overall protective gear. Goggles are specifically helpful in small bat sports, such as Racquetball and tennis. When worn correctly, protective goggles guard your eyes and the bones surrounding them. If you play basketball or football and have had a previous eye injury, goggles can also help prevent it from being injured further, and give you the protection you need to play confidently.
Ear Protection. While most people don’t think about the ears when it comes to face protection, the ears are some of the most delicate and vulnerable parts of the face. In sports like wrestling and water polo, ear protection is required. This is important, seeing as ear injuries can easily create Oral & Maxillofacial pain down the road.
Mouth & Throat Protection. Talk to your dentist, and he or she will tell you that this is one of the most essential types of face protection you can wear. And for a good reason! Fitted mouthguards protect your teeth, dental arch, tongue, and surrounding tissues from impacts, abrasions, and cuts during high impact sports. Today, fitted mouthguards are required in high school field hockey, ice hockey, lacrosse, wrestling, and football. Mouth guards are inexpensive, effective, and easy to wear, which makes them a no-brainer when it comes to protecting your face and teeth. Throat guards take this protection to the next level and are required by some schools for high school hockey goalies, as well as some catchers in baseball and softball.
Protecting the Teeth During Sports
Did you know that approximately39% of all dental injuries are related to sports injuries around the face or head? With a statistic like that in mind, it’s clear that protecting the teeth during high-impact sports is essential.
Sports like football, hockey, basketball, and other contact sports are common causes of concussions, tooth injuries, and more. While it may seem that these injuries are minimal, the truth is that they can cause long-lasting repercussions. Dental injuries typically take the form of chips and brakes, dislodged or knocked out teeth, and fractures, that can cause discomfort and pain for years down the road.
What to do if You Suffer a Head or Face Injury
Even if you take all precautions while playing a high-impact sport, face and head injuries are always a possibility. Here’s what to do if you suffer one of them while playing your favorite sport.
Stop playing immediately. This is possibly the most important tip to ensure healing and reduce the risk of further injury. If you continue to play after taking a hard hit or suffering an injury, you run the risk of making the injury worse or creating a situation that is harder to repair down the road. Instead, stop playing, remove yourself from the field, and assess the situation.
Deal with immediate needs. If there is bleeding, bruising, or pain, take some time now to deal with those things before you head to the doctor. Check out our recent post on how to deal with dental emergencies if the injury or suffering has to do with your teeth. In all other situations, use basic first aid skills to stop bleeding or resolve pain before you can seek help.
See your doctor or dentist. The next step is to make an appointment with a specialist. If it’s a head injury you’re suffering, make an appointment with your doctor. For tooth and mouth injuries, get into your dentist as quickly as possible. Keep in mind that some headaches and pains are caused by dental injuries, which may be underlying or hard to diagnose. With this in mind consider seeing a dentist even if your injuries seem to have more to do with your head.
Staying Safe During High-Impact Sports
Just because there’s a risk of harm associated with High Impact Sports does not mean you have to stop playing. Instead, take these steps to keep yourself safe, and protect the Integrity of your mouth, face, and teeth while you play your favorite sports.
No matter what kind of teeth whitening product you use, you’re at risk of encountering some type of dental sensitivity afterward. This is true even for people who have healthy, strong teeth and get them whitened at a dentist’s office. Unfortunately, tooth sensitivity is just a part of whitening and can lead to discomfort for anyone who undergoes the procedure.
Don’t worry, though: there’s good news.
If you do suffer from tooth sensitivity after dental whitening, there’s hope. In this case, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. When you take steps to reduce sensitivity before you undergo your whitening procedure, you’ll set yourself up for a more comfortable and streamlined experience in the dentist’s office or with your at-home whitening.
Let’s explore why sensitivity occurs and what you can do to cut down on it.
What Causes Dental Sensitivity?
Dental sensitivity is an uncomfortable situation with many causes. Depending on who you are and where your dental habits land, there are dozens of reasons you could be suffering some ongoing sensitivity. Here are a few of the most common culprits when it comes to dental sensitivity.
Brushing too hard. If you brush your teeth with too much gusto, you can wear down the protective layers of your teeth and expose the canals and tubes that lead down to your dental nerves. Over time, this causes discomfort when your teeth are exposed to extreme temperatures or sticky foods. Fortunately, switching to a brush with softer bristles can go a long way toward helping resolve the issue.
You’re eating acidic foods. Do you have a thing for very acidic foods? If so, they could be wearing down your enamel and causing discomfort when you consume them. This is likely the case if you notice discomfort when eating lemon, grapefruit, kiwi, and pickles.
You grind your teeth. If you grind your teeth while you sleep, you could be wearing down your tooth enamel and exposing the hollow tubes that eventually lead to dental nerves. This, in turn, creates dental discomfort. Wearing a dental mouthguard can help stop you from grinding, and get rid of some of the sensitivity that may act up during whitening or similar procedures.
You whiten too much. Sometimes, ongoing dental sensitivity can come from over-whitening your teeth. This is common if you whiten weekly and use a tooth-whitening toothpaste. If your teeth are more sensitive than standard teeth, you might want to cut down on your whitening, meaning switching to toothpaste without whitening chemicals in it.
How to Decrease Sensitivity During Whitening
Now that you understand what causes dental sensitivity, you can take proactive steps to address them. Here are a few smart ways to navigate around your sensitivity issues:
1. Use Sensitivity Solutions
Did you know that there are many desensitizing toothpastes and prescription solutions available on the market today? If you find that whitening your teeth causes undue sensitivity, you may consider trying one of these options.
Desensitizing toothpaste, for example, commonly has twice as much fluoride in it than standard toothpaste, which can help reduce sensitivity after whitening. For best results, start using this toothpaste up to two weeks before your scheduled whitening appointment.
2. Take an OTC NSAID
Some things are truly as simple as taking a bit of Motrin before you whiten your teeth. If you get headaches from whitening, this solution could work wonders for you.
600 mg of Motrin should be enough to stave off many of the unpleasant side effects of whitening. You can also take Advil or Tylenol, if that works better for you.
3. Avoid Cold Foods
After you whiten your teeth, they may feel additionally sensitive. Cut down on the sensation by avoiding cold or hot foods for a few days after whitening. You may also want to reduce exposure to sticky foods, like caramels or candies.
4. Whiten Less Frequently
Before you jump to any conclusions about the reason for your dental sensitivity, start by reducing the frequency and duration of your whitening treatments. If you know you have sensitive teeth, there are a few options you can explore. One of these options is simply whitening your teeth less often.
This may also involve changing the type of whitening solution you use. For example, if you typically use an at-home strip system, you may consider changing your approach to include dental whitening visits. While these will be more expensive, they’re also more effective and will mean you can whiten less frequently without sacrificing results.
Alternately, you can cut down on the duration of your whitening. Instead of whitening for two hours in your whitening tray, for example, cut it down to 90 minutes.
5. Talk to Your Dentist
If whitening is very important to you, but you’re suffering from dental sensitivity, talk to your dentist about your options. He or she may be able to make a recommendation that will help you get the white teeth you want without the sensitivity.
As you can see in this post, there are dozens of options for people with sensitive teeth. In most cases, there are dozens of ways to resolve dental sensitivity without taking excessive steps.
Additional Tips to Keep Teeth Strong
Strong teeth hold up to sensitivity issues better than weaker teeth. With this in mind, take these smart steps tokeep your teeth healthy and happy for years to come:
Brush twice daily. Be sure to brush teeth after meals, whenever possible, and use a toothbrush with soft bristles and a small head. This is easier on teeth and allows you to reach the back of your mouth more effectively.
Use fluoridated toothpaste. Fluoride is critical to good dental health. Designed to strengthen enamel and reduce your risk of dental decay, fluoride helps you avoid cavities and other dental problems.
Brush thoroughly. As a general rule, tooth brushing should take 2-3 minutes. Any shorter and you’re selling yourself short on your dental hygiene.
Floss daily. Use a slow, gentle sawing motion to floss between and around your teeth.
Limit exposure to acidic foods. Food acids can soften dental material over time and may dissolve the minerals in your tooth enamel, making teeth more vulnerable to cavities. With this in mind, limit your exposure to these foods and focus on keeping teeth clean between meals.
Stronger Teeth Start Here
If you’re looking for ways to reduce dental sensitivity and keep your teeth strong and healthy, starting with these smart tips is a great option.
While everyone’s dental care should be individualized, the building blocks to excellent dental health are predictable: brush daily, brush thoroughly, floss, and avoid lifestyle choices, foods, and beverages that are damaging to your mouth and dental health.
When you follow these tips, along with seeing your dentist regularly, it’s easier than ever before to enjoy outstanding dental health for years to come.
Need to schedule a checkup or cleaning? Contact our office today. We’re happy to help.
Everyone wants a great smile. And, hey, this makes sense! After all, we display our smiles all the time. It’s one of the first things people notice about us when we meet them, and of course we want to be proud of the way it looks and feels. According to the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, 99.7% of adults in the U.S. say it’s critical for their smiles to be healthy and beautiful.
Unfortunately, it’s tough to feel confident about the state of your smile when you’ve got cracked, chipped, or damaged teeth. While these things may seem like simple cosmetic defects, they can damage self-esteem and self-perception, and many people believe that finding ways to get around them is critical. Fortunately, that’s possible, thanks to modern dentistry.
While a cracked or chipped tooth is a common dental accident, it can have devastating effects on the appearance of the smile. In this post, we’ll discuss the difference between chipped or cracked teeth, and how to handle each until you have a chance to get into your dentist’s office.
While many people believe a chipped tooth will be very painful or traumatic, that’s typically not the case. In fact, it’s possible to chip a tooth and not feel any pain at all. In most cases, people only feel pain if the chip in the tooth is big enough to expose the tooth is sensitive root or inner pulp material. In most cases, these chips begin on the end or the outer edge of a tooth and work their way in toward the center of the tooth.
The way that you address a chipped tooth depends in large part on the size and severity of the chip, as well as what caused it. If the chip is small, your dentist may be able to fill it and polish it, creating the appearance of a natural tooth easily and quickly. This is the ideal scenario. If the chip is too large for this, your dentist may need to add a cap, which will not only restore the function of the tooth but improve its appearance as well.
For very large chips, a root canal may be the only available fix.
Cracked teeth are different than chipped teeth in that they typically begin close to the gums and move out to the enamel, or outer film, of the teeth. When they’re severe, cracks can destroy the entire tooth, all the way into and beyond the root. While it’s possible to chip a tooth without ever feeling any pain, cracked teeth very often hurt. If you’ve noticed pain as you chew on one side of your mouth or another, it’s possible that you’re experiencing a cracked tooth.
Cracks can be complex to repair, so it’s critical to visit your dentist immediately after a crack takes place. If the crack is small, the dentist may be able to fix it by placing a resin into the tooth’s crack line. This will help hold the tooth together, and prevent the crack from getting any larger. If the crack is too big for resin, the dentist may add a tooth splint, which works just like a butterfly bandage: the dentist will choose a neighboring tooth (which is healthy and strong) and bind the damaged tooth to it. This will pull the crack together and begin the healing process.
As is true with a chip, a root canal will be required if the crack is severe enough that it has damaged the pulp of the tooth. The dentist may also consider placing a cap on the tooth.
How to Care for Chipped, Cracked, and Broken Teeth at Home
Although nobody wants to deal with chipped, cracked, or broken teeth, they do happen. Maybe you’re crunching a piece of ice, or some hard candy when you notice something wrong in your mouth. It’s an experience many people have had and know all too well.
Despite the fact that theenamel covering on teeth is the most mineralized and strongest tissue in the body, its strength does have limits. Because of these limits, there are many things that can cause broken teeth, and knowing how to deal with them when they do happen is essential. Here’s a simple breakdown on what to do when you suffer a chipped, cracked, or broken tooth.
Chipped and Broken Teeth
Chipped and broken teeth live in the same boat as far as care goes. If your tooth is broken or chipped, the first thing I wanted to do is see your dentist as quickly as possible. If you wait, the tooth could be damaged further or develop an infection, which could move into the bone of your jaw and cause you to end up in the hospital, or undergoing expensive dental treatment. While you wait to see your dentist, Try the following self-care approaches:
Take an OTC pain reliever. If a tooth is painful, take an over-the-counter painkiller like acetaminophen or something similar. You can also rinse your mouth with salt water to cut down on swelling and inflammation and reduce the likelihood of infection.
Cover sharp edges. If the broken tooth has caused a sharp edge that’s cutting the inside of your mouth, cover it with a piece of dental wax or sugarless chewing gum. This will keep it from tearing up your tongue or the inside of your lip or cheek.
Eat soft foods. It’s possible that you Won’t even want to eat with a broken tooth, but if you do, focus on eating soft foods and chewing on the side of your mouth without the broken tooth.
In some ways, caring for a cracked tooth can be even more disconcerting than caring for a chipped or broken tooth. In some cases, a cracked tooth won’t cause any immediate issues. It’s possible to have a very deep crack in a molar or other area of the tooth that just stays there, without getting larger, for an extended time. Molars are specifically vulnerable to cracks because they absorb most of the force associated with chewing.
As is true with chipped and broken teeth, the first thing you want to do when you discover a cracked tooth is to make an appointment with your dentist. The sooner, the better. In the meantime, there are few ways to take care of the tooth in the comfort of your own home. The first is to deal with any pain that might be present.
Do this by taking an over the counter pain reliever to reduce swelling and inflammation. You should also try to avoid chewing on the side of your mouth That has the crack, as biting can open the crack and irritate the soft tissue inside your mouth, which contains nerves and blood vessels.
If the crack is severe and has cut through more than just the enamel on your tooth, you’ll need immediate treatment to prevent deeper fractures or ongoing infection. In these cases, a dentist may recommend a root canal or a crown.
In some cases, depending on the location and severity of the crack, the doctor may be able to use filling material to repair the crack and stop it from getting worse. While these treatments are intense, they can help save your teeth in the event of a fracture. One final option is to have the entire tooth removed. This is only done when the tooth can’t be saved because the root of the tooth has been damaged.
Don’t Panic – Call Your Dentist
There’s no question about it: Few things are more alarming than discovering a cracked, chipped, or broken tooth. If this happens to you, be sure to call your dentist immediately. The dentist is your first stop when it comes to dealing with these dental issues, and will be able to help you devise a plan to keep your mouth healthy and happy for years to come, without suffering any negative effects of this unfortunate incident.
Are you dealing with a dental accident? Contact our team today for an emergency appointment, or some information on how to keep your teeth healthy moving forward